Introduction - Section II

From The Foundations of Instructional Technology
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In the first section, we attempted to provide the reader with three views of the field: The Past, The Present and The Future. We also provided a detailed definition of the field. In this section we attempt to provide an overview of some of the basic elements of what constitutes knowledge of the field.

The field of Instructional Technology is a design field. As such, it has a design literature with suggestions for a design process. The first chapter in this section details some of the basic aspects of the instructional design literature.

Because design is so fundamental to the field, a great deal of effort has been applied to competencies for design. The second chapter details this work and lists some of the competencies you must possess to be a member of the Instructional Technology community.

Another core element of the field is an allied area of inquiry where there is a focus on learning theory, cognition, and how these ideas inform instructional strategies.

The field of Instructional Technology has interests in technology as it is broadly defined anywhere learning or performance is involved. Sometimes, the field is a bit divided in its interests. Some people focus on how technology is used in K-12 schools and some members of the community are interested in how technology is used in business and industry. Still others are interested in how technology is used in higher education. Because of these diverse areas, the application of technology takes at least two forms: Technology Integration and Performance Technology. The former is a popular approach to the application of technology in the schools while the latter is the a popular approach to the application of technology in business and industry. Higher education makes use of both of these ideas.

As an academic field, Instructional Technology has various foci for research and several approaches for conducting research. In this chapter, you will learn about the broadness of the field.

Finally, there have been many critics of our field. This final chapter details some of these issues.

Please note that this introduction will be updated as these and other chapters are added to this e-book.